01202 473800

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

Nov 13, 2019

The MCL is one of the 4 main ligaments found in the knee which provide mechanical stability and act in the process of what we call proprioception. To make things simple proprioception applies to the process of balance and our conscious and unconscious awareness of where out joints/limbs are in space. The MCL is found running down the inside of the knee, attaching from the femur onto the tibia. Its job is to provide stability to this side of the joint.

Injuring the MCL is fairly common and usually happens when the forced inwards (into valgus). This can happen either via contact to the outside of the knee or in a non-contact situation where the foot slips outwards.

Pain will be felt on the inside of the joint and can be accompanied by swelling and sometimes bruising. If the ligament has been injured severely you may notice some instability of the knee.

We grade all ligament injuries using a 3-point grading system:

  • Grade 1 is a mild injury and may only involve a few fibres.
  • Grade 2 is more significant and would be around 50-75% of the ligamentous fibres.
  • Grade 3 is a complete rupture of the ligament.

Grade 1 and 2 can definitely be managed with physiotherapy, with a grade 2 injury taking 8-10 weeks to recover from. A grade 3 injury is very significant and will need orthopeadic involvement from the start and most of the time will require surgery. The main point to remember is getting an assessment as quickly as possible so that the correct diagnosis can be made, and the right rehab program initiated.

If you have injured your knee in this way, please do get in touch so that we can help. To speak to our physiotherapist Paul or book your physiotherapy appointment at our health and wellness centre on Bridge Street in Christchurch, Dorset, please contact us on 01202 473800 or book online.

Paul O'Connell, Physiotherapist at Bridge Health & Wellbeing in Christchurch, Dorset

Paul O’Connell (MSC, BSC, HCPC, MCSP) is a physiotherapist with two decades of clinical expertise. He has worked right across the UK, from North Yorkshire and London to Hampshire and Dorset. Sports medicine is one of his areas of special interest: he has worked both on the touchline and in sports injuries clinics, and now lectures on the Sports Therapy programme at Bournemouth University. Having spent several years managing physiotherapy and health assessment teams in two key Nuffield Health hospitals, Paul also has an extensive understanding of orthopaedic surgery.

We were super proud to see our chiropractor Aaron lecturing at the international RCC Sports Faculty Symposium 2022. We are lucky to have such global experts working at our clinic. We have also expanded the gym and rehabilitation services this year, including opening up the space for more equipment to assist with recovery.

We couldn’t have done any of it without the support of you, our fantastic clients. So thank you to each and every one of you for helping make our vision of creating a dedicated health and wellbeing space in the heart of Christchurch where everyone is welcome a reality.

Here’s to 2023!

Related Posts

Bruises, Contusions and Hematomas – What’s the Difference?
Bruises, Contusions and Hematomas – What’s the Difference?

What's the difference between a bruise, a contusion or a hematoma? Our Sports Massage Therapist Nathan explains all. "Contusions are bruises that are formed when small veins or capillaries (the blood vessels that run to the epidermis of the skin) break. Hematomas are...

read more
Tennis Elbow: Causes and Treatment
Tennis Elbow: Causes and Treatment

As we move into the summer and get to enjoy big tennis events like Wimbledon, we thought it would be timely to write something about tennis elbow or as we like to call it now lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). What is tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is a condition that...

read more
Common footballing injuries and how to treat them
Common footballing injuries and how to treat them

Did you know that around 80% of Premier League football clubs employ a chiropractor or osteopath? Our chiropractor, Aaron Coode, talks us through the common footballing injuries he has come across in his career and how he works with players to treat them. Aaron has...

read more